Abstract: Environmental justice research and movements aim to achieve the fair treatment of individuals regardless of their race, ethnicity, income, or educational levels with respect to environmental laws, regulations and policies. However, despite the recent theoretical, empirical, and policy advancements in environmental justice, there is still a gap pertaining to Native American and indigenous communities. Why does this gap exist? The concept of environmental justice does not fit the indigenous experience perfectly because it does not incorporate indigenous principles. Indigenous principles are practices and ethics derived from the intersection of traditional ecological knowledge (TEK) and the relationship of living and nonliving things. The goal of this presentation is to identify indigenous principles that drive the environmental justice movement in the Pacific Northwest. Past and current environmental justice cases that occurred against or in favor of the Coast Salish tribes and nations in the state of Washington were analyzed and coded to develop an environmental justice atlas that is accessible on: http://www.ejpnw.org/ . The identification of these indigenous principles allows policy-makers and scholars to indigenize environmental justice and shift its focus from distributive, process, procedural and recognition justice to incorporate cultural values, tribal sovereignty, and community mapping
Abstract:Indigenous peoples in the Pacific Northwest have maintained a sustainable way of life through a cultural, spiritual, and reciprocal relationship with their surrounding environment. Colonialism, environmental threats, land degradation, climate change, and inability to access traditional foods have undermined and weakened this relationship leading to health disparities, challenges, and vulnerabilities within our communities. These threats have mobilized Indigenous peoples and communities to seek environmental and food justice centered within an Indigenous framework that advocates for the communities' needs, culture, and traditions. Indigenizing environmental and food justice decolonizes the discussion beyond a rights based discourse by centering the responsibilities and relationships Indigenous peoples have with Mother Earth. Indigenous principles are grounded in the practices and environmental ethics derived from the intersection of traditional ecological knowledge (TEK) and the ontological relationship of living and nonliving things. Decolonization involves peeling away the layers of colonialism that have been the Indigenous lived experience and necessitates an Indigenous framework that centers Indigenous knowledge, autonomy, and a respectful and reciprocal engagement with our natural world, and by engaging in strategies that work towards regaining our health and wellbeing. This panel focuses on the research, scholarship, and action taken by Indigenous women in the Pacific Northwest to empow(her) their communities. Their scholarship, research, and integration of technology is making waves and Indigenizing the environmental and food justice narrative that continues to center western ideologies, theories, and policies. Empow(her)ed Native peoples empow(her) Native communities and this panel will present research and community-work that seeks to accomplish this.
Poster presentation on biomechanics research of marine larvae.
Abstract:Many bottom-dwelling marine animals produce microscopic larvae that are dispersed by ambient water currents. These larvae can only recruit to habitats on which they have landed if they can resist being washed away by ambient water flow. We found that larvae on marine surfaces do not experience steady water flow, but rather are exposed to brief pulses of water movement as turbulent eddies sweep across them. We made video recordings of larvae of the tube worm, Hydroides elegans, (important members of the community of organisms growing on docks and ships) on surfaces subjected to measured realistic flow pulses to study factors that might affect their dislodgement from surfaces in nature. We found that the response of a larva of H. elegans to a realistic pulse of water flow depended on its behavior at the time of the pulse and on its recent history of exposure to flow pulses, and that stationary larvae were less likely than locomoting larvae to be blown away when hit by the first pulse of water flow.
Presentions: (1) NSF CAMP conference 2012, Irvine, California and (2) American Indian Science and Engineering Society National Conference 2012, Anchorage, Alaska.
Awards: Special Recognition in the Biological Sciences NSF CAMP conference 2012.
Poster presentation on international research conducted at Lecce, Italy.
Abstract:Research efforts involving Clytia hummelincki have declined due to the difficulty in its cultivation technique in a laboratory setting. Because this hydrozoa is a successful invasive species of the Mediterranean Sea (Boero 1997) it is essential and important to continue research efforts to complete our knowledge of this inconspicuous organism. We developed a new laboratory technique at the Boero Lab in the University of Lecce, Italy, for the cultivation of Clytia hummelincki We monitored its growth rate and life span and found that both depend on the proper feeding of this hydrozoan, a factor never monitored in the past. This new discovery allowed us to properly feed the hydrozoans and increase their life spans in a laboratory setting to 14 days. With this development, hydrozoan taxonomists will be able to continue their research efforts involving Clytia hummelincki and investigate this species’ successful invasion and severe competition against other marine organisms.
Presentations: NSF CAMP 2013
Awards: Honorable Mention in Biological Sciences in NSF CAMP Conference 2013, Irvine, California.